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Map to objects

importance: 5

You have an array of user objects, each one has name, surname and id.

Write the code to create another array from it, of objects with id and fullName, where fullName is generated from name and surname.

For instance:

let john = { name: "John", surname: "Smith", id: 1 };
let pete = { name: "Pete", surname: "Hunt", id: 2 };
let mary = { name: "Mary", surname: "Key", id: 3 };

let users = [ john, pete, mary ];

let usersMapped = /* ... your code ... */

/*
usersMapped = [
  { fullName: "John Smith", id: 1 },
  { fullName: "Pete Hunt", id: 2 },
  { fullName: "Mary Key", id: 3 }
]
*/

alert( usersMapped[0].id ) // 1
alert( usersMapped[0].fullName ) // John Smith

So, actually you need to map one array of objects to another. Try using => here. There’s a small catch.

let john = { name: "John", surname: "Smith", id: 1 };
let pete = { name: "Pete", surname: "Hunt", id: 2 };
let mary = { name: "Mary", surname: "Key", id: 3 };

let users = [ john, pete, mary ];

let usersMapped = users.map(user => ({
  fullName: `${user.name} ${user.surname}`,
  id: user.id
}));

/*
usersMapped = [
  { fullName: "John Smith", id: 1 },
  { fullName: "Pete Hunt", id: 2 },
  { fullName: "Mary Key", id: 3 }
]
*/

alert( usersMapped[0].id ) // 1
alert( usersMapped[0].fullName ) // John Smith

Please note that in for the arrow functions we need to use additional brackets.

We can’t write like this:

let usersMapped = users.map(user => {
  fullName: `${user.name} ${user.surname}`,
  id: user.id
});

As we remember, there are two arrow functions: without body value => expr and with body value => {...}.

Here JavaScript would treat { as the start of function body, not the start of the object. The workaround is to wrap them in the “normal” brackets:

let usersMapped = users.map(user => ({
  fullName: `${user.name} ${user.surname}`,
  id: user.id
}));

Now fine.